Wine, beer, and spirits are among the oldest beverages known to humankind, so it’s not surprising that they often show up in museums—pictured in paintings by great masters or attested to by ancient brewing and distilling pottery on display in glass cases. What may come as a surprise is the way in which alcohol is becoming a regular part of the museum-going experience. Beverage programs have become a major profit center for cultural institutions, and alcohol is commonly offered on-site at food and beverage venues and at special events.
The reasons museums are pursuing drinks programs are as varied as the types of museums themselves. For the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, a top-quality beverage alcohol program rounds out the amenities offered to members and visitors. For a hands-on science museum, like the Exploratorium in San Francisco, an offering of fun and innovative cocktails helps attract younger adults who might otherwise think the museum is “just for kids.”
Whatever the reason, today’s consumers of culture have a lot more choices. The notion of what constitutes culture itself is also changing. A recent report, “Culture Track ’17,” by LaPlaca Cohen, an organization that promotes arts and culture, found that people’s perceptions of cultural activities have been evolving. “Audiences do not place priority on whether an activity is ‘culture’ or not,” states the report. “Now culture can be anything from Caravaggio to Coachella, Tannhäuser to taco trucks.” To compete in this changing landscape, museums are augmenting their arts and science offerings with innovative drinks programs.
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SevenFifty Daily contacted four museums across the country to learn more about how their beverage programs are being used to drive membership and engagement as well as increase revenue.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
As one would expect from a cultural institution as renowned as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the food and drink on offer must be of a high caliber. To ensure an impressive level of quality, the museum has worked closely with Restaurant Associates hospitality company for more than 50 years. In fact, the Met is the company’s oldest account in the city. Restaurant Associates has 38 full-time employees working at the Met’s buildings; they staff and oversee the museum’s nine F&B venues.
Because the Met receives visitors from all over the world, figuring out the design for the beverage program can be challenging. But according to Clyde B. Jones III, the Met’s senior vice president for institutional advancement, one overarching theme has served as a guide. “People have gotten more sophisticated in their consumption of food and beverage,” he says. “We need to be able to provide them that interesting wine, that craft beer, that specialty cocktail. They view us as a place that’s at the top of its game from an art perspective. So they want us to be at the top of the game from a hospitality perspective as well.”
Jones views the Met’s nine drinking venues as a vital part of the visitor’s experience. “The museum is a busy, stimulating place,” he says. “In order to take all [of it] in, to process it, it’s great to have a place to sit quietly and contemplate. And if you can do that with a refreshment, that’s even better.”
Christopher Russell, the museum’s director of restaurants, says that over the years it’s taken a bit of trial and error to figure out just what works in the museum’s various venues. “What we’ve done,” he says, “is look at each dining room and see how the guests want to use it and [then] tailor the cocktails, beers, and wines that way.”
These different venues have made for some rather unique beverage offerings. For example, each summer an artist is commissioned to create an installation for the Met’s popular Cantor Roof Garden, and cocktails are designed to complement it. Last year Adrián Villar Rojas’s The Theater of Disappearance actually incorporated the Roof Garden Bar into the installation’s design and was accompanied by specialty cocktails named by Rojas. Mirroring the concepts explored in the exhibit, ingredients such as infused vodka and fresh fruit purée invited guests to explore familiar flavors in an unexpected way. The cocktails included the Bronze, made with basil-infused VDKA 6100, peach, and lemon juice, and the Gold, made with Russell Henry Hawaiian White Ginger Gin, lemon juice, pineapple, and mint syrup.
The year before, Cornelia Parker’s PsychoBarn installation was accompanied by a specially prepared Red Barn Sangria. At The Cloisters in upper Manhattan, the site of the Met’s medieval collection, the drink offerings follow what would have been available during that period of history. “The fact that we have wines with a monastic connection served up there, I really love that,” says Russell. “There’s no Champagne served at The Cloisters because it’s postmedieval—that type of stuff I just geek out on.”
The Field Museum, Chicago
Megan Williams, the director of business enterprises at the Field Museum, says that having a bar in the museum where guests can relax and discuss what they’ve seen that day has rounded out the experience for thousands of visitors from all over the world.
The Field Museum used to house a Corner Bakery and a McDonald’s, but in 2013, Williams decided it was in the best interests of the museum to partner with a food operator who could help it realize the vision of establishing unique restaurants that would include a bar. “I just felt really strongly [that] we needed to push our own brand forward, not somebody else’s,” Williams says. “We needed to create something that was unique for the Field Museum.”
The Field Bistro today showcases the many collaborative beer partnerships the museum has with local breweries. The beers are created in partnership with an Illinois craft brewer and are inspired by Field Museum exhibits. For example, Tooth & Claw, brewed by Off Color Brewing, pays homage to the museum’s famous T. rex, Sue. Off Color’s Wari—an ale inspired by the ancient corn-based drink chicha de molle—celebrates the discovery by archaeologists, including members of the Field Museum, of an ancient brewery of the Peruvian Wari tribe.
Williams hopes all these things—the museum’s bar, its beers, and even a beer education program called Hop to It—will prompt the 20- and 30-somethings—those who may feel a science museum like the Field is not for them—to think again. “We’re living in a different time,” she says. “It’s no longer, ‘Don’t touch,’ or ‘Be quiet,’ or ‘Don’t engage.’” Museums are places where communities can gather and interact.
The San Diego Museum of Art
For 25 years or so, the white-tablecloth restaurant at the San Diego Museum of Art didn’t quite fit with the casual culture of the Southern California city. So in 2014 the museum decided to turn the space over to a small yet burgeoning local restaurant group that already had two popular restaurants in town (Blind Lady Ale House and Tiger! Tiger!). Not only has the museum’s new restaurant, Panama 66, helped revitalize Balboa Park—where it’s located, adjacent to the museum—but it’s brought many new visitors to the museum itself.
Panama 66 got its name because the museum building it occupies was built in 1966 and directly faces Balboa Park’s well-known Plaza de Panama. The restaurant’s beers come only from San Diego county and Baja California, Mexico; its wines are all Californian; and its cocktail program is based on craft spirits and local produce.
“Our attendance has increased by 70 percent in the last five years,” says Dieter Fenkart-Fröschl, the museum’s chief operating officer. “Does Panama 66 contribute to that? I think we can comfortably say yes.” The relationship with Panama 66 goes both ways—visitors to the museum will stop by for a meal or drink, and the restaurant’s expert mixologists provide specialty cocktails and other drinks for the museum’s many events throughout the year.
“Our relationship with the museum has been utterly fantastic,” says Clea Hantman, co-owner of the restaurant group that created Panama 66. “It’s a true symbiotic relationship that has a lot of give and take. We’re super privileged to be a part of all their openings and exhibitions. And we try to do food and drink specials that are celebratory of the art.”
Adds Hantman, “We’ve been exposed to many more people—not just patrons of the San Diego Museum of Art but also of Balboa Park. And likewise, I think we have exposed a lot of the local beer folk to the museum and park. We’ve worked with the museum to create our Jazz Jam series every Wednesday night—and it brings hundreds of people to the space every week. And the museum challenges us to come up with innovative ways to support it, to be more involved, and to work around the inherent challenges of conducting multiple businesses in one space. Ultimately, being in partnership with the museum has been genuinely creatively—and financially—beneficial to all parties.”
Both Fenkart-Fröschl and Sarah Grossman, the museum’s manager of special events and corporate relations, agree that Panama 66 has changed people’s perception of the museum, which was one of their main goals. It’s become a place, says Grossman, that’s “more palatable, more social—that’s comfortable. The idea that a museum is a sort of quiet library [space] is still out there—a place where you can’t have fun. We want to get rid of that notion.”
Exploratorium, San Francisco
For many museums, the idea of having guests with cocktails mingling around its exhibits would be a no-go. Not so for San Francisco’s Exploratorium, a museum that emphasizes hands-on interaction with its exhibits. The interactive aspect makes it an especially good fit for alcohol-themed events, such as the Exploratorium’s fund-raiser known as Science of Cocktails.
“Many adults are interested in drinking and in mixology, so this event encourages visitors to engage in an inquiry-based drinking experience,” explains Martin Rock, the museum’s associate director of communications. “How are spirits made? Why do bitters taste good in some drinks but not in others? What’s happening to my brain and body when I drink alcohol? Does it really matter whether I drink beer or liquor first?” During the event, guests get to try unique science-inspired cocktails, and they enjoy complete access to the Exploratorium’s 75,000 square feet of exhibit space. The annual event started in 2010 and has generated over $1 million in support for education, with some 7,000 people having attended since it began. Approximately 160 different science-inspired cocktails have been served at the event since it started, including monochrome-colored cocktails and some made using dry ice. Sponsors have included Ketel One, Rodney Strong Winery, Deschutes Brewery, Tanqueray, Bulleit Bourbon, and many more.
The museum also recently launched a new membership for After Dark, a weekly adult-only evening event held on Thursdays. Each After Dark night is centered on a specific theme. A recent one, for example, focused on cannabis. Bars are set up in the museum, and guests can enjoy drinks while listening to presentations by scientists, artists, policy makers, and other experts.
Rock says the goal of these events is to help shake the perception that the Exploratorium is just for kids. “A lot of people think of it as kind of a children’s museum,” he says. “We’re doing a lot of interesting work to push beyond that and to really engage an adult audience.” He adds that events like After Dark provide visitors an opportunity to become part of a community that cares about the same things, and who are invested in science. “A lot of times people will meet at a bar,” says Rock, “and we’re just providing them an alternative [to that].”
After Dark has generated 1,000 new members for the museum in just its first year. “The number of people who have signed up indicates that people are looking for that experience,” Rock says. “Clearly, people are—pardon the pun—thirsty for opportunities to engage in cultural events and cultural opportunities that are also geared toward enjoyment and having a good time.”
Andrew Kaplan is a freelance writer based in New York City. He was managing editor of Beverage World magazine for 14 years and has worked for a variety of other food and beverage-related publications, and also newspapers. Follow him on Twitter at @andrewkap.